The financial markets industry is at the same crossroads as the automotive industry in the late 1970s. Margins are collapsing and customization is rapidly increasing. The automotive industry turned to quality and its no coincidence that in the money management industry many of the spectacular failures have been due largely to problems in quality control. The financial industry in on the verge of a quality revolution.
New and old firms alike are creating new investment vehicles and new strategies that are radically changing the nature of the industry. To compete, mutual funds, hedge fund industries, banks and proprietary trading firms are being forced to quicklyy research, test and implement trade selection and execution systems. And, just as in the early stages of factory automation, quality suffers and leads to defects. Many financial firms fall short of quality, lacking processes and methodologies for proper development and evaluation of trading and investment systems.
Authors Kumiega and Van Vliet present a new step-by-step methodology for such development. Their methodology (called K|V) has been presented in numerous journal articles and at academic and industry conferences and is rapidly being accepted as the preferred business process for the institutional trading and hedge fund industries for development, presentation, and evaluation of trading and investment systems. The K|V model for trading system development combines new product development, project management and software development methodologies into one robust system. After four stages, the methodology requires repeating the entire waterfall for continuous improvement.
The discussion quality and itsapplications to the front office is presented using lessons learned by the authors after using the methodology in the real world. As a result, it is flexible and modifiable to fit various projects in finance in different types of firms. Their methodology works equally well for short-term trading systems, longer-term portfolio management or mutual fund style investment strategies as well as more sophisticated ones employing derivative instruments in hedge funds.
Additionally, readers will be able to quickly modify the standard K|V methodology to meet their unique needs and to quickly build other quantitatively drive applications for finance. At the beginning and the end of the book the authors pose a key question: Are you willing to change and embrace quality for the 21st century or are willing to accept extinction?
The real gem in this book is that the concepts give the reader a road map to avoid extinction.
* Presents a robust process engineering framework for developing and evaluating trading and investment systems
* Best practices along the step-by-step process will mitigate project risk, model risk, and ensure data quality.
* Includes a quality model for backtesting and managing market risk of working systems.
Table of Contents
Key Concepts and Definitions of Terms 15
Overview of the Trading/Investment System Development Methodology 29
Managing Design and Development 45
Types of Trading Systems 61
Stage 0: The Money Document 67
Design and Document Trading/Investment Strategy 79
Stage 1: Overview 81
Describe Trading/Investment Idea 87
Research Quantitative Methods 97
Prototype in Modeling Software 105
Check Performance 115
Gate 1 123
Stage 2: Overview 131
Gather Historical Data 139
Develop Cleaning Algorithms 149
Perform In-Sample/Out-of-Sample Tests 157
Check Performance and Shadow Trade 165
Gate 2 169
Stage 3: Overview 177
Plan and Document Technology Specifications 183
Design System Architecture 193
Build and Document the System 205
Check Performance and Probationary Trade 213
Gate 3 221
Manage Portfolio and Risk 227
Stage 4: Overview 229
Plan Performance and Risk Processes 237
Define Performance Controls 245
Perform SPC Analysis 251
Determine Causes of Variation 263
Kaizen: Continuous Improvement 271